Stadtwappen Bad Reinerz

 

Bad Reinerz / Niederschlesien

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Grunwald

Grunwald

Extract from the official  Deutsche Reichsadressbuch 1941/1942, Trade, business, Industry, self-employed and offices

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Historic postcards and photos of Grunwald

Grunwald is in the South East part of the Hohe Mense and contains an area of 194 ha. At its foundation in the year 1719 on royal forstering grounds it only consisted of 12 houses. The names of the first settlers were:Bartsch, Becker, Kahrig (Karger), Kreusel (Kreisel), Zwiener, Babel (Pabel), Schmidt, Grimm, Lemfeld (Lengfeld), Rolletschke, Klose, Postler, Peltz (Pils), Urban, Urner, Jung, Kastner, Zobel, Schindler, Sagner.

The Urbarium is from the year 1792. The settlers had to cut down a yearly amount of 60 Klafter of wood till the day Jacobi, they were allowed to take care of their cattle in the royal area and therefore had to pay 2 - 4 Groschen.

Grunwald is a well-known tourist area in the county of Glatz. It is also known for its possibilities of winter sports such as many opportunities for skiing. They have got a certain jumping area of 40 m and a sledge way of 2 km to the Weistritztal, etc.

Nearby all this there is the natural reservation “Seefelder”. Grunwald consisted of the colonies Buchenwinkel, Hindenburgbaude.

Forstering houses were there in Grunwald and Rehdanz.

Hostels : Hindenburgbaude (Grenzlandbaude), Berghof Rübartsch, Kammbaude Grunwald-Krone (owner Fritz Urner), Ritterbaude, Adlerbaude, Gasthaus Kastner, Gasthaus Hank, Sport- and Touristenhostel Lutzke, Fremdenheime Herzig and Vogel, Jugendherberge Mensehorst (beim Goldenen Stollen), Hohe Mense Baude (constant tenant Rübartsch).

Saying about the name Grunwald:

The name Grunwald is supposed to come from a refugee called “Grun”. He escaped through the Weistritztal to get away. He spent some time in the area of the Kammhöhe (Sauhorn) of the Mensegebirge. On the so-called Hüttenköppel there was a Glashütte (later Pangratzsche Glashütte in Kaiserswalde) for whom he produced wood coal. Through the smoke which could be seen in Biebersdorf he was caught.

Explanation of the name:

The name can be explained because the village is situated near a forest. The village was founded in a really green area. For this reason the town was called “Grünewald” in a writing in 1754. In the Urbarium of 1792 the village is already called Grunewald from the year 1818.

 

Time Chart

 

1719

 

Foundation of the village as wood worker colony

in 1740

 

own school

1756-1762

 

Building of a wooden chapel (24 Ellen long and 16 Ellen wide without own priests), the financial support of von Friedrich dem Großen ffor the building was  400 Fl.

1785

 

there are 46 independent estates.

1857

 

137 children visit the school.

1888

 

203 children visit the school

1892

 

Building of a new school house, sas well as establishment of a second teacher job

1904

 

Building of today’s chuech in Grunwald

 

 

free supply with brickstones (about 100 orders)by Josef Franz Welzel (Industry and

 

 

brickstone owner)

1931-1932

 

Building of the 8km Hindenburgstr.

 

 

 

1946

 

Hindenburgbaude is destroyed by a fire (built in 1927/28)

 

Statistics of the Deutsche Reich, Edition 559,4, State 17.05.1939

of the population were

.... years old

Workers in the branch of economy

according to the positions in their job

under 6

6 till under 14

14 till under 65

65 uand older

Farming and forstering work

Industrial and manual work

Trade and traffic work

Self-employe d

Helping relatives.

collar workers and assistants

Arbeiter

54

85

390

45

297

65

81

89

100

63

258

Number of

constant population

Zahl der land- u. forstwirtschl. Betriebe mit einer Betriebsfläche von

Households

together

male

0,5 - under 5 ha

5 - under 10 ha

10 - under 20 ha

20 - under 100 ha

100 ha and more

162

574

267

63

17

-

-

-

citizens1898 = about 900 People, 1921 = 630 People, 1939 = 574 People